Why Full-Stack Data Centers Came at the Right Time

The optimized construction of infrastructure and data centers are at the heart of digital transformation and the digital economy. To take infrastructure to the next level, data centers must be cloud-based, integrated, and green.

Cloud-based

As a key to unlocking digital business transformation, it is predicted that all businesses will adopt cloud technology by 2025, marking the end of traditional data centers. According to IDC, spending on cloud-based data centers will account for 66.1% of total compute and storage infrastructure spending by 2025.

Integrated

For large enterprises and nations, highly integrated data centers enable a centralized approach to building data center systems and infrastructure. To create a national computer network, for example, China is planning eight national computer centers and ten national data center clusters.

Additionally, the proportion of racks used in large data centers is growing and will continue to grow, from 70% in 2019 to 84% in 2021.

Green

Achieving peak carbon emissions and carbon neutrality requires much higher data center energy efficiency. Released in 2022, China’s work plan to save energy and reduce emissions calls for green data centers and new energy-efficient infrastructure. In turn, the EU requires data centers to be carbon neutral by 2030.

Huawei’s comprehensive data center solution addresses customer concerns regarding computing, storage, networks, disaster recovery and energy efficiency. The solution can reshape data center infrastructure, drive digital business transformation, and power digital economies and digital society.

Huawei’s Complete Data Center Solution Reshapes Computing and Storage, Networks, Disaster Recovery and Green Development

Redesign Computing and Storage to Solve Performance Bottlenecks

Trends in digital services, converging technologies, and data monetization are driving exponential growth in demand for data and computing power. By 2030, the total amount of data generated globally is expected to reach 1 YB per year, a 23-fold increase from 2020. At the same time, the total amount of general purpose computing required globally will reach 3.3 ZFLOPS, a tenfold increase from 2020. 2020. As technologies continue to evolve and Moore’s Law approaches its limit, traditional computing designed for one purpose will not be able to respond to more diverse service needs.

In response, Huawei’s data center solutions focus on three areas:

100% flash acceleration in all scenarios. For primary storage, and powered by Non-Volatile Memory express (NVMe) Over Fabric Plus (NoF+) networking and FlashLink algorithm, Huawei OceanStor Dorado reduces latency to 0.05ms and increases the number of e-invoices processed by 150%. For data analysis, Huawei’s OceanStor Pacific improves performance density by 60% and speeds up analysis by 75% by using proprietary high-density all-flash architecture and distributed parallel clients. For data backup, Huawei OceanProtect applies intelligent TCP Direct Offload Engine (DTOE) and intelligent multi-core algorithms to provide end-to-end acceleration, increasing backup bandwidth by 300% and reducing backup time by 70% for 1 PB of data.

Synergy between various IT resources: The digital transformation of different industries requires various computer applications and massive computing power. Huawei’s FusionCube synergizes different xPU types to free up CPU resources and increase virtual machine (VM) density by 20%. It also resolves database performance bottlenecks, creates database resource pools, and migrates core services to the cloud.

Coordination of multifaceted resources: Supported by the Huawei Cloud Stack (HCS) solution, multiple forms of resources including hardware, virtualization, hybrid clouds, and public clouds can be centrally managed and scheduled. This solution also enables one-click application deployment and high scalability, reducing deployment time from days to hours.

Reshape networks for one-stop private line provisioning in minutes

Managing network capacity is increasingly difficult as businesses grow. Huawei’s private line solution offers:

Hyperconverged Data Center Networks (DCN): provides three types of networks for converged storage, high-performance computing, and common services. All use an all-Ethernet architecture, reducing total cost of ownership by 30%. Our iLossless algorithm optimizes network traffic in real time, ensuring microsecond end-to-end latency and no packet loss while maximizing computing power.

Agile and Efficient Data Center Interconnect (DCI): uses 800G optical modules and Super C + Super L WDM technologies to increase fiber bandwidth to 96Tbps and build a non-blocking network connecting data centers. Additionally, 5ms failover for network protection reduces packet loss caused by network self-healing by 90%.

Data network synergy: uses configuration plan simulation technology to match service provisioning with live network resources, ensure network-wide connectivity, and enable one-stop private line provisioning in minutes. Service-aware Segment Routing IPv6 (SRv6) enables deterministic network SLA tunneling on backbone networks to ensure SLAs for private lines.

Reshaping disaster recovery for reliable, ubiquitous insurance

The architecture of data centers is moving from an autonomous architecture to a geo-redundant, multi-site and multi-active architecture. Disaster recovery (DR) has become much more complex due to more diverse deployment environments. Huawei provides full DR, full-cycle backup, and unified DR management, providing secure and reliable assurances for data center services anytime, anywhere.

Full DR: provides a series of DR and coordination solutions such as cloud-native and storage solutions. Huawei’s cloud-native solutions support end-to-end cloud service DR for multiple components such as containers, Distributed Cache Service (DCS), Relational Database Service (RDS), and Storage Service of objects (OBS). The storage layer uses gateway-less active-active storage area network (SAN) and network-attached storage (NAS), enabling geo-redundancy plus 99.99999% reliability and near-zero data loss. Our Storage Optical Connection Coordination (SOCC) technology reduces active-active link failover time from 50ms to 5ms and I/O path failover time from 1 minute to 1 second, ensuring the absence of service interruptions or congestion.

Full Cycle Fast Backup: uses backup media with a compression ratio of up to 75:1. The networks use a high compression ratio algorithm that saves 20% network bandwidth, and the open ecosystem makes the solution compatible with popular backup software. Data images are uploaded to the cloud for reuse, maximizing data value.

Unified DR management: provides a single, visualized and unified DR management platform for end-to-end services, simplifying management and providing data centers with a holistic picture of system DR status.

Rethinking Green Development for Low-Carbon, Energy-Efficient Data Centers

Assuming a ten-year lifespan, the cost of electricity for a data center represents more than 60% of the total cost of ownership. Huawei’s green and smart technology enables low-carbon and energy-efficient data centers covering four areas:

Green building: Our prefabricated modular FusionDC can be installed immediately after delivery. The “what you see is what you get” approach shortens end-to-end project delivery from 20 months to 6 months and reduces construction waste. More than 80% of construction materials can be recycled and a data center with 1,200 cabinets can reduce carbon emissions by more than 8,000 tons.

Supply and distribution of green energy: Our power modules adopt a highly integrated modular design with high density and high efficiency, reducing the equipment footprint by 40%. The AI-powered predictive maintenance feature monitors fan and capacitor life in real time, improving reliability. And the smart online mode improves the power supply efficiency from 94.5% to 97.8%.

Green cooling: Our indirect evaporative cooling system is a natural cooling system based on macromolecular heat exchange core. It maximizes the use of natural cooling sources and reduces the energy consumption of the cooling system by 40-60%. Supported by AI, Huawei’s iCooling solution adjusts cooling parameters in real time, so that cooling capacity can match service loads. The PUE is reduced from 1.4 to less than 1.2, which reduces annual energy consumption by at least 14%.

Green operation and maintenance: The AI-based digital management system NetEco can centrally and intelligently manage medium and large data centers, as well as multiple data centers. It monitors and adjusts power, environment, energy consumption, equipment status and alarms, reducing O&M labor costs by 35%.

It is predicted that by 2026, more than 90% of computing power and data will be aggregated in data centers, with the global ultra-large data center market expected to reach $127.64 billion. As a leader in ICT infrastructure, Huawei is committed to doing what we do best in digital infrastructure: creating comprehensive data center solutions and providing software, hardware and product portfolios that meet the needs of the digital age, help customers go digital, and succeed in business.

Ramon J. Espinoza